Angora Goat Management Plan

ANGORA GOAT MANAGEMENT PLAN

Angora goat farming and Mohair production is an economic activity which does not take place in a social/ethical vacuum and as such must be compliant with acceptable social and ethical norms and standards in conjunction with animal welfare and land management as set out in the Responsible Mohair Standards (RMS).

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Every farm will differ in its management plan with variations in land use (pastures and veld), mating (kidding), shearing and husbandry procedures. This Management Plan is intended as a guideline only (informative, educational).  Speak to your livestock advisor, accredited shearing agents as well as your local vet when more detailed advice is required.

The welfare of the Angora goat is critical and minimising stress during management procedures on the farm will go a long way to increasing the production and improving the health of the Angora goat.

 

For more information on reducing stress on the farm see https://www.angoras.co.za/article/stress-in-angora-goats#329 as well as the protocols for handling of goats as available in the Management plan set out below.

 

It is important to be able to do a basic health check on the Angora goat and recognise health related problems. (How to do a basic health check see https://www.angoras.co.za/article/health-check-on-angora-goats#338).

With any farm management plan the biosecurity of your farm is important in providing a disease free environment for your Angora goats. (For information on biosecurity and what it entails see https://www.angoras.co.za/page/biosecurity#92)

The MANAGEMENT PLAN comes with links to the SAMGA Website which has information on disease, nutrition, reproduction, drugs, vaccination, parasite control and various husbandry procedures and protocols which producers might find interesting or useful.

 

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Click here to download a printable version of the Angora Goat Management Plan. (pdf)


JANUARY

04 - Crutch Kids

 

04 - Second vaccinate of kids before castration (pulpy kidney, pasteurella, klem-in-die-kaak) 

  • See best practice video on how to inject goats 

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-inoculation

  • What are the vaccination options and what cover is provided?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/clostridium-and-pasteurella-vaccines-update or https://www.angoras.co.za/page/vaccine_cover_1st_addition#116

  • Vaccine handling guidance:

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/vaccine_handling#114

 

05 - Dip goats with an Angora wash (pre-shearing preparation)

  • See best practice video on dipping 

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-dipping

  • See SAMGA Guidelines regarding the use of Washes:

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/dipping-guidelines-washing-of-angoras-goats#277

 

11 - Shearing season start (summer clip)

  • See best practice video on shearing

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-shearing

  • Why are goats more susceptible to the cold in summer than winter, the importance of shelter during cold snaps after shearing?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/why-do-angora-goats-seem-to-die-more-from-cold-during-summer-than-winter#283

  • See impact of Shearing on reproduction:

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/impact-of-shearing-on-reproduction#337

 

19 - Class young replacement ewes

  • See selection of replacement ewes (body weight)

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/selection-for-body-weight-in-angora-kids-and-young-goats#281

  • What are the Repeatability and Heritability of certain traits on Angora goats?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/repeatability-and-heritbility-of-angora-goat-traits#280

 

19 - Vaccinate replacement ewes for Rift Valley Fever

 

19 - Commence supplementary feeding of replacement ewes (target weight for mating +28kg)

 

22 - Dose kids with vitamin and mineral supplement

  • See best practice video on dosing

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-dosing

  • What options are there for Mineral and Vitamin combinations?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/list-of-mineral-and-vitamin-supplements#171

  • Check faecal samples especially kids (dose as required)

 

25 - Veld ram auctions start

 

FEBRUARY:

17 - Wean kids (+/- 4,5 months old)

17 - Feed kids after weaning

  • Weaning and first 18 months

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/weaning_and_the_first_18_months#46

 

18 - Class out old ewes and excess stock

  • Apart from teeth what effect does age have on reproduction?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/ewe-age-effect-on-reproduction#291

 

18 - Dose ewes and rams for parasites (round worm, nasal worms) (6 weeks before mating)

  • Check faecal samples especially kids, as well as rams and ewes 6 weeks before mating. Treat as required.

 

18 - Dose ewes with vitamin and mineral supplement

  • Is it beneficial to supplement mineral and vitamins?

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/vitamin-and-mineral-supplements-requirements-for-angora-goats#122

 

MARCH:

01 - Start supplementary / flush feeding of rams and ewes in preparation for mating

  • Does flush feeding make a difference?

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/flush_feeding#42

 

15 - Dip kids and young goats with an Angora wash (pre-shearing preparation)

  • Dipping guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-dipping

 

22 - Shear kids and young goats (6 months)

  • Shearing guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-shearing

 

22 - Dose kids (tape worm)

  • Check faecal samples - especially kids. Treat as indicated
  • See tapeworm and treatment options:

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/tapeworm#28

  • See the impact of roundworms and coccidiosis on kids

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/the-impact-of-brown-stomach-worm-and-coccidiosis-on-angora-kids#299

  • See the management of Coccidiosis on farms:

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/coccidiosis#29

  • See Resistance to Anthelmintic (roundworm treatment) and management strategies:

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/roundworm-management-strategies-in-angora-goats#241

  • Why are combination doses better?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/combination-doses-better#240

  • What Anthelmintics (doses) are available and what drug classification groups do they fall under? List of options:

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/anthelmintic_drug_list#38

29 - Crutch ewes before mating

 

30 - Market mohair clip

 

APRIL:

01 - Mating season starts. Put rams with ewes. (8 weeks) (3% rams)

  • Teaser rams (for producers that use teasers). What is the benefit of using teaser rams?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/teaser-rams#172

  • Angora goat ewe oestrus cycles

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/oestrus_and_mating_in_angora_goats#49

  • The possible effect of lucerne on fertility 

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/mating_on_lucerne_lands_can_reduce_fertility#112

 

MAY:

28 - Take rams out from ewes (2 Cycles + 2 weeks)

  • See managing the pregnant ewe

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/managing-the-pregnant-ewe#176

 

JUNE:

01 - Dip animals for external parasites (pour-on for pregnant ewes recommended)

  • Dipping guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-dipping

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/dipping-and-pour-on-options-3-months-prior-to-shearing-of-angora-goats#154

  • See the impact of lice 

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/rooiluise#30

 

22 - Crutch kids

 

JULY:

01 - It is important to feed late pregnant ewes

  • Importance of feeding the late pregnant and lactating ewe

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/pregnant_and_lactating_ewe#47

  • Is it economical to feed the ewes?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/feeding-ewes-in-good-seasons-is-it-economical#284

  • What are the possible causes of abortions?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/abortion-in-angora-goats#276

 

06 - Dip goats with an Angora wash (pre-shearing preparation) (do not dip pregnant ewes)

  • Dipping guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-dipping

 

13 - Shearing season starts, adults and young goats (winter clip)

  • Shearing guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-shearing

  • See what the effect shearing has on reproduction

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/impact-of-shearing-on-reproduction#337

 

13 - Inoculate ewes (pulpy kidney, pasteurella) (4 - 6 weeks before kidding)

  • Injection guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-inoculation

 

13 - Dose goats with vitamin and mineral supplement (4 - 6 weeks before kidding)

  • Treat Ewes with Vitamins + Minerals 4-6 weeks before kidding. This is the most important time to supplement.

 

13 - Dose ewes for parasites (general broad spectrum)

  • Check faecal samples of ewes
  • See the impact of roundworms in late pregnant and lactating ewes (Peri- parturient relaxation of resistance)

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/managing-the-pregnant-ewe#176

 

20 - Minimal handling of pregnant ewes (late pregnancy)

 

Kidding starts, monitor closely

  • See difficult births

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/dystocia-difficult-births#183

  • What are the causes of birth abnormalities?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/birth-abnormalities-in-angora-kids#296

 

Ongoing vermin control

 

AUGUST:

Kidding

  • For producers that use kidding pens

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/lamhokke#156

  • To treat the weak and cold kids

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/the-weak-and-cold-hypothermic-angora-kid#245

  • Raising orphaned kids ‘hansies’ see

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/hand-rearing-hansies-orphaned-angora-kids#184

 

01 - Start supplementary feeding of ewes for milk production (1 month)

  • Effect of milk production on kid survival

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/milk-production-by-the-angora-ewe#303

 

01 - Minimal handling of pregnant ewes (late pregnancy)

 

03 - Market mohair clip

 

Ongoing vermin control

 

SEPTEMBER:

Kidding

  • See factors affecting kid mortality

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/kid-mortality#292

 

01 - Extra attention on ewes during the kidding season

 

13 - Dip kids with an Angora wash (pre-shearing preparation)

 

20 - Shear kids (6 months)

 

Ongoing Vermin Control

 

OCTOBER:

11 - Crutch ewes

 

Ongoing vermin control

 

NOVEMBER:

15 - Ram sales start

 

22 - Castrate ram kids / tag kids (8 weeks old)

  • See Guidelines on castration

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/how-to-perform-a-castration-on-angora-goat#297

  • See Guidelines on Burdizzo

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/castration-burdizzo#336

 

29 - Dose kids (tape worm / broad spectrum)

  • See information on tapeworm in kids

https://www.angoras.co.za/application/storage/upload/tapeworm_in_angora_kids.pdf

  • See the options for treatment (Benzimidazoles, Halogenated Salicyclanalides and Isoquinolones)

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/anthelmintic_drug_list#38

 

DECEMBER:

01 - First vaccination of kids (pulpy kidney, pasteurella, klem-in-die-kaak)

  • At what age can I vaccinate the kids?

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/when_to_vaccinate#115

  • Must I vaccinate against Rift Valley Fever?

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/rift-valley-fever-rvf-vaccinating-maiden-ewes-each-year#325

 

06 - Inoculate ewes (enzootic abortion)

  • What is enzootic abortion?

https://www.angoras.co.za/page/abortion-enzootic-abortion#144

 

07 - Dip goats for external parasites

  • Dipping guidelines

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/sa-mohair-industry-best-practice-dipping

 

13 - Treat kids for Coccidiosis if required

  • Check faecal samples Treat as required

 

Wean kids (4.5 months old)

  • Feeding weaned Kids

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/feeding-weaned-angora-kids-the-effect-of-different-feeds#295

  • See growth rate of Angora Kids

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/growth-rate-of-angora-kids#279

  • See effects of weaning on the ewe

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/weaning-the-angora-goat-ewe#322

  • See effects of weaning shock

https://www.angoras.co.za/article/weaning-shock-in-angora-goat-kids#321

 

 

THIS MANAGEMENT PLAN IS INTENDED TO BE A GUIDELINE AND A SOURCE OF INFORMATION ONLY.

 

Dr Mackie Hobson

SAMGA Vet

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