Diarrhoea in Angora GoatsMonday, 15th April 2019
By Dr Mackie Hobson
Diarrhoea is a symptom of an underlying problem and not a disease in itself.
It is therefore vital to determine the cause of the diarrhoea rather than trying to treat the diarrhoea itself. Speak to your vet providing a good history. You may need to get a faecal sample checked and, if any deaths, a Post Mortem done to determine the cause.
There are a number of possible causes of diarrhoea in Angora goats. Internal parasites and dietary factors are probably the most common cause.
A list of some possible causes include:
- Roundworms (Wireworm and Brown stomach worm) being a common cause.
- Feeding problems
- Fresh lush pasture
- Fibre shortage, excess concentrate feeding
- Sudden changes in diet –It takes the rumen 7-10 days to adapt to a new diet
- Acidosis (excess concentrate insufficient fibre)
- Excess milk in kids, for example kids kept in kid pens with mothers out grazing can consume excess milk. Can lead to ‘Floppy Kid Syndrome’
- Incorrect feeding of ‘Hansies’
- Bacterial causes
- Escherichi Coli (E.Coli)
- Clostridium (‘Pulpy Kidney’, ‘Bloedpens’, ‘Rooiderm’)
- Salmonella (very young kids)
- Johnes disease (not yet diagnosed in Angoras in South Africa)
- Giardia (kids 2-4 weeks)
- Virus causes
- Rift Valley Fever
- Rota virus (young kids 1 to 2 weeks)
- Plants: Tulp (cardiac glycosides), ‘Gaanskweek’ ‘Bitter Karoo’, ‘Melkbos’, ‘Witstorm’
- Ionophore poisoning
There is no ‘wonder treatment’ and it is vital to treat or correct the underlying problem as identified above. Involve your vet. Minimally get a faecal sample checked to rule out Roundworms and Coccidiosis.
In addition you can provide supportive treatment
- Fluids are important (electrolytes, dose or tube- such as Lectade, Darrows)
- Probiotics such as Protexin, Biorem
- High fibre diet
- Activated charcoal (2g per Kg body weight)
- Don’t just give antibiotics, this can often effect the good bacteria and not improve the problem